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愉快地开始教学生涯

2013-11-23 来源: 浏览:4914 发布自:南通教育网

开始教学生涯是一份既令人高兴又让人倍感压力的经历。新教师经常满怀激情,却很快变得不知所措。

 

大多数新教师在开始执教生涯前,都已经做好了相应准备。他们在学校里勤奋学习,完成了教学实习,并通过了教师资格考试。如果他们能够通过申请程序,面试成功并最终获得第一份教师工作,基本上他们会对自己的成就感到很骄傲。

 

很多新教师都迫不及待地想走进教室,开始对学生的积极引导。他们在夏天的时候收集教学资料,参加必需的新教师培训课程。但是在开学后不久,为什么他们会突然感觉自己完全像个小孩子?当他们试着给自己减压,不要被人们对他们的期望压迫时,慌乱就会产生。

 

这种现象很常见,所以新教师不需要过于担心。下面是一些简单的建议,能够帮助新教师拥有一个良好的开端。

 

充分休息对新教师来说必不可少

周末的时候早点休息是个很好的主意。每天休息得很晚对一个人的身心健康会有负面影响。据《华盛顿邮报》报道,生理学研究显示,长期的睡眠不足会让身体处于高危状态,应激激素(一种压力荷尔蒙)的生长会增加,使血压升高。这一人群心脏病发作、心脏疾病、中风、癌症和糖尿病的患病风险都较高。

 

为什么新教师明知道休息对每个人的正常活动至关重要,还是会剥夺自己的休息时间,以致增大了自己患上这三种重大疾病的概率呢?教师这一职业本身就容易引起压力,教师需要保持良好的健康状况,才能成功地应对他们每天面临的诸多挑战。

 

准时休息是保证健康的最好的方法之一。尽管不同的人需要不同的睡眠时间,但是教师应当保证每晚至少7小时的连续睡眠。这样他们才能感觉良好,用积极的心态面对繁忙的一天。

 

准时出勤是成功教学的关键

新教师必须提早到达学校。总是迟到的教师会发现他们总是和焦急的学生一起到达教室,这些学生活力十足,像在拥挤的主题乐园里冲向某个游戏似的跑进教室。这是造成失败的灾星!新教师应当尽最大的可能,至少比学生提前30分钟到校。如果能提早1小时就更好了,这样他们就会有一些安静的时间。

 

如果教师及早开始工作,他们就有时间把握好一天的工作。他们能够让自己的头脑清醒,检查这一天的教学目标,祈祷,策划,以及做其它任何能够帮助他们进入状态的事情,准备好为学生和其他教师不吝惜地付出。他们也会有时间为课程和活动做最后的准备。

 

新教师应该提早离开家,避免路上可能发生的任何交通问题。这样几周后,他们就会欣然发现自己走上了正规。校长通常都会对那些提前到校的教师感到很满意。

 

适应力强是一名新教师应具备的良好品质

提到对开学前几周的期望,新教师不该太死板。是的,学校是一个具有固定日程安排和常规的繁忙的地方,但是学校也能迅速变成混乱的场地,只是这些混乱能得到一点控制而已。

 

教师可能在第一年教授一个班级,并且发现他们十分享受与学生相处的时光,开始取得一些进展。但是这时候他们会突然被调往另一个完全不同的年级甚至另一所学校。又或者,在他已经很拥挤的教室里忽然加入大量的新学生,以致课堂气氛完全改变。新教师需要对这些情况有所准备,做到灵活应变,并乐于时常尝试他们能力范围之外的事情。

 

一个学年的开始可能会让人有飓风来到的感觉。新教师拼命地赶写教学计划、收集材料、开发有趣课程、吸引学生参与、应对挑剔的家长、结识其他教师以及处理大量的文书工作,这些文书似乎一直待在他们的桌子上,怎么做也做不完。

 

向别人求教,新教师一定可以获益匪浅。在必要的时候,学会调整自己。

 

 

原文:

Surviving the First Days and Weeks of School

Tips for Beginning Teachers

 

By Afua Saafir

 

Starting your career as a teacher can be both an exhilarating and stressful experience. New teachers are often filled with passion, but can quickly get overwhelmed.

 

By the time most beginning teachers get ready to start their careers they have already worked hard in college, completed student teaching, and passed their teacher certification tests. If they can survive the application process, make it through their interviews and finally land their first job as a teacher, they will probably feel quite proud of their accomplishments!

 

Many new teachers simply can’t wait to get into the classroom and start impacting the lives of students in a positive way. They gather teaching materials all summer and go to required new teacher training sessions. Before long the first day of school arrives. Why do they suddenly feel like a little child all over again? Panic often begins to set in as they try not to stress out about everything that is now expected of them!

 

This new teacher phenomenon is quite common, so beginning teachers need not worry too much. Here are some simple tips that can help new teachers get off to a good start.

 

Getting Proper Rest is Essential for Beginning Teachers

 

It is a good idea to save those late nights for the weekends. Staying up late routinely can have a negative effect on one's health and well-being. According to the Washington Post, physiologic studies have been done that suggest that chronic sleep deprivation may cause the body to go into a state of high alert. This increases the production of stress hormones and drives up blood pressure. These people may find themselves at a higher risk for heart attacks, heart disease, stroke, cancer and diabetes.

 

Why should new teachers increase their risk for developing these types of serious illnesses by depriving themselves of the rest that is so vital to everyone's overall ability to function? The teaching profession itself can be stress inducing and teachers need to maintain good health in order to successfully deal with the many challenges they face on a daily basis.

 

Getting to bed on time is one of the best ways to help ensure good health. While people vary with regards to how much sleep is needed, teachers should try to get at least seven hours of uninterrupted sleep each night. They will likely feel much better and be able to face their busy days with a positive outlook.

 

Attendance and Punctuality is a Critical Component of Successful Teaching

 

It is imperative that beginning teachers arrive to school early. Teachers who are chronically late will find themselves getting to class at the same time that their eager little students, filled with as much energy as one of those extreme rides at an action packed theme park, arrive into the classroom. This is a recipe for disaster! New teachers should do everything within their power to get to school at least thirty minutes ahead of the students. If they can be there an hour ahead that is even better because it allows for a few minutes of quiet time.

 

When teachers get to work early, they have time to center themselves for the day. They can clear their heads, review the goals for the day, pray, meditate, and do anything else that helps to get them into a state where they are ready to give of themselves to their students and fellow staff members. They also have time to do any last minute preps for lessons and activities.

 

New teachers should leave home early enough to get through any potential traffic problems. They will likely find that as the days and weeks begin to roll by, they will settle into a good routine. Principals are usually quite pleased with the teachers who go out of their way to get to school ahead of schedule.

 

Flexibility is One of the Best Qualities a New Teacher Can Possess

 

Beginning teachers need not be rigid when it comes to their expectations of the first few days and weeks of school. Yes, schools are busy places with set schedules and routines, but they can also quickly become scenes of somewhat controlled chaos.

 

First year teachers may start out teaching one class and find that they are really enjoying the students and are actually beginning to make some headway when they are suddenly whisked away to a completely different grade level or even school. Or perhaps, there is a sudden influx of additional students into a new teacher's already crowded room, completely changing the atmosphere in the classroom. New teachers should be prepared to be flexible and be willing to go outside of their comfort zones at times.

 

The beginning of the school year can feel like there is a whirlwind going on. New teachers desperately try to keep up with writing lesson plans, gathering materials, developing interesting lessons, keeping students engaged, handling difficult parents, getting to know fellow teachers, and tackling the massive amount of paper work that seems to be taking on a life of its own on their desks. New teachers can definitely benefit from asking lots of questions and should be willing to make adjustments as needed.

 

newteachersupport.suite101.com

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